How to become a carpenter

Are you looking for a hands-on career that combines creativity, skill, and practicality? Then you might want to consider becoming a carpenter. Carpentry is a highly in-demand trade, and according to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (USBLS), it’s only going to become more so in the coming years. In fact, the USBLS predicts that there will be more than 50,000 new carpentry jobs available between 2018 and 2028.

Why is there such a high demand for carpenters? The financial crisis of 2008 led many construction workers to retrain in other careers, and young people entering the workforce generally looked for opportunities in other fields. This has caused a shortage of skilled labor in the construction trades, opening up opportunities for those who are interested in becoming carpenters.

If you’re interested in pursuing a career in carpentry, you’re in luck. In this post, we’ll outline the four steps you need to take how to become a carpenter, including the skills and education required, as well as the job prospects and potential earnings.

What does a carpenter do?

How To Become a Carpenter

Carpenters are skilled tradespeople who specialize in working with wood to create, repair, and install various structures and items. They work on a variety of projects, from small household repairs to large-scale construction projects. A carpenter’s job duties can vary widely depending on the specific project they are working on, but some of the tasks they typically perform include:

  • Reading and interpreting blueprints and other construction plans to understand the scope and requirements of a project.
  • Measuring and cutting wood and other building materials to the correct size and shape.
  • Joining materials together using nails, screws, bolts, and other fasteners.
  • Installing and finishing various components of a structure, such as framing, roofing, siding, and trim.
  • Repairing or replacing damaged or worn-out components of existing structures.
  • Operating a variety of hand and power tools, such as saws, drills, sanders, and planers.
  • Collaborating with other tradespeople, such as electricians and plumbers, to ensure that a project is completed to the required standards.

How To Become a Carpenter

If you’re interested in pursuing a career in carpentry, there are several steps you can take to get started. Whether you’re a recent high school graduate or someone looking to change careers, becoming a carpenter can be a rewarding and fulfilling choice. Here, we’ll outline the key steps you need to take to become a carpenter, including education and training requirements, as well as potential career paths and job prospects.

1. Obtain a high school diploma

Obtaining a high school diploma or equivalent is an important first step in becoming a carpenter. Entry into an apprenticeship program typically requires some form of basic education, and most apprenticeship programs require applicants to have a high school diploma or a GED.

High school students who are interested in becoming carpenters can start developing their skills and knowledge by taking courses in carpentry, drafting, and mathematics. These courses provide a foundation in the basics of carpentry, including learning about tools and materials used in the trade, as well as basic construction principles and techniques.

In addition to classroom instruction, some high schools offer hands-on learning opportunities, such as woodworking classes or shop classes, where students can gain practical experience in carpentry. These courses can help students develop their skills and prepare for the demands of an apprenticeship program or more advanced carpenter schooling.

Some apprenticeship programs allow students to start working alongside experienced carpenters before graduation as long as they continue working toward their diploma. This allows students to gain valuable on-the-job experience and get a head start on their carpentry career.

2. Complete an Apprenticeship

Completing an apprenticeship program is a crucial step in becoming a carpenter. These programs are typically offered through commercial and industrial employers or construction unions, and they last about three to four years under the supervision of experienced carpenters and other construction workers.

The beginning of the apprenticeship will provide apprentices with basic knowledge about topics such as safety, freehand sketching, mathematics, first aid, blueprint reading, and a variety of carpentry techniques. Apprentices will then learn hands-on carpentry techniques outside of the classroom setting, where they will learn about rough framing, form building, layout, and interior and exterior finishing.

During the apprenticeship, carpentry students will work alongside experienced carpenters, gaining valuable hands-on experience and practical knowledge. Apprentices will learn how to use a variety of tools and equipment, and will become familiar with the materials used in construction.

After completing a formal apprenticeship program, graduates receive a certification as a journeyman. Journeyman carpenters are skilled and knowledgeable carpenters who can work independently or as part of a team. They have a solid foundation in the basics of carpentry and are prepared to take on a wide range of carpentry projects.

Graduates of an apprenticeship program can then choose to advance their carpentry skills by obtaining certification, enrolling in trade school or pursuing other vocational or carpenter schooling.

3. Consider additional carpenter schooling

While formal carpentry programs through colleges or technical schools are not required to become a carpenter, they can be a great way to enhance your skills and stand out from other applicants. These programs can also provide valuable opportunities to gain hands-on experience and learn from experienced instructors.

Some apprenticeships may even offer course credit that contributes to an associate’s degree, making it a more accessible option for apprentices who want to further their education. By enrolling in further learning, carpentry students can learn about carpentry math, roofing, stair construction, building layouts, foundation work, siding, and moldings.

Obtaining an associate’s degree or certificate in carpentry can also increase your earning potential because you will likely start at a higher position in the field. Additionally, having a degree or certification can provide a competitive edge when applying for jobs, as it demonstrates a commitment to the field and a willingness to learn and improve.

4. Become a Carpenter’s Helper

Becoming a carpenter’s helper is a great way to gain valuable experience in the field of carpentry. Carpenter’s helpers work under the supervision of experienced carpenters and assist them with a wide range of tasks, including measuring and cutting materials, assembling and installing structures, and performing basic carpentry repairs.

As a carpenter’s helper, you will have the opportunity to observe and learn from experienced carpenters, gaining a better understanding of carpentry techniques and the tools of the trade. This hands-on experience can be a valuable addition to any formal education or apprenticeship program.

In addition to gaining valuable experience, working as a carpenter’s helper can also help you build important professional connections and networking opportunities. Many carpentry jobs are filled through referrals and word-of-mouth, so building relationships with experienced carpenters and other professionals in the field can be a valuable asset when seeking employment.

5. Obtain Employment

After completing an apprenticeship or obtaining additional carpentry schooling, the next step to becoming a carpenter is to obtain employment. There are several ways to find employment as a carpenter, including networking, job boards, and trade publications.

One effective way to find employment is to network with other carpenters and professionals in the construction industry. This can involve attending industry events, joining professional organizations, or even reaching out to carpenters directly to inquire about job opportunities.

Job boards and trade publications can also be useful resources for finding carpentry jobs. Many job boards and publications specialize in construction and carpentry job listings, allowing you to search for jobs based on location, experience level, and other criteria.

When applying for carpentry jobs, it is important to have a strong resume that highlights your skills, experience, and education. You should also be prepared to provide references and complete any necessary background checks or certifications.

What Skills are Required for Carpentry

The art of carpentry is a highly-skilled trade that revolves around the creation of wooden structures that can range from simple frames to complex buildings. Carpenters possess the dexterity and strength required to manipulate hand and power tools to cut, shape, and join wood. Hence, this profession demands a broad range of skills that enable carpenters to work safely and efficiently.

1. Good physical fitness and dexterity

The job of a carpenter is inherently demanding, necessitating significant endurance, strength, and flexibility. Carpenters are expected to stand for extended periods, scale ladders and scaffolding, and hoist heavy materials. In addition, they must exhibit a high level of hand-eye coordination and manual dexterity to work with tools and materials effectively.

2. Mathematical and measurement skills

Carpenters must possess sound mathematical skills, particularly in the areas of geometry and algebra. They must be capable of reading, comprehending, and interpreting blueprints, drawings, and plans. Also, they must be able to make precise measurements that adhere to the stringent building codes and regulations to ensure that their work is both precise and accurate.

3. Technical proficiency

The proficiency of carpenters lies in their ability to utilize both hand and power tools effectively, such as saws, drills, hammers, and levels. They must be adept at operating sophisticated machinery like power saws and routers and have a thorough understanding of technical manuals and specifications.

4. Problem-solving and critical thinking skills

Carpenters must be able to solve problems and make informed decisions in a timely manner, particularly when confronted with unexpected issues on a job site. They must be capable of identifying and predicting potential problems and devising innovative solutions to resolve them.

5. Attention to detail

Carpentry requires a high level of precision and attention to detail. Carpenters must be able to work with small tolerances and ensure that their work is aesthetically pleasing and meets exacting standards.

6. Communication skills

Carpenters must be excellent communicators, capable of effectively communicating with clients, project managers, and other contractors on a job site. They must be able to convey technical information to non-technical stakeholders in a comprehensible manner and work collaboratively as part of a team.

7. Safety consciousness

Carpentry can be a dangerous profession, and carpenters must take appropriate safety precautions to protect themselves and others on the job site. They must be aware of potential hazards such as sharp tools, power tools, and electrical wiring, and be able to use personal protective equipment (PPE) such as hard hats, gloves, and safety glasses.

FAQ About How To Become a Carpenter

Does carpentry make money?

Yes, carpentry can be a well-paying profession. According to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS), the median annual wage for carpenters in the United States was $49,520 as of May 2020. However, this figure can vary depending on factors such as geographic location, level of experience, and type of employer.

Carpenters who specialize in high-end finishing work, such as custom cabinetry or furniture, can often command higher wages. Additionally, carpenters who are self-employed and run their own businesses have the potential to earn more than those who work for others. In general, carpentry can be a rewarding and financially stable career path for those with the necessary skills and work ethic.

Is carpentry a hard career?

Yes, carpentry can be a physically demanding and challenging career. Carpenters must be able to lift heavy materials and work in a variety of conditions, such as extreme heat or cold, depending on the location and type of construction site. Additionally, carpentry requires a certain level of skill and knowledge in order to be successful.

Carpenters must be able to read and interpret blueprints and schematics, use various hand and power tools, and have a thorough understanding of construction materials and techniques. However, with dedication and hard work, carpentry can also be a rewarding and fulfilling career path.

What are the risks of being a carpenter?

Some of the risks of being a carpenter include injuries from sharp tools, falls from heights, strains and sprains from lifting heavy materials, exposure to harmful chemicals, and inhaling sawdust or other particles that can cause respiratory issues.

Carpenters also work in a variety of weather conditions, which can pose additional risks. It is important for carpenters to follow proper safety procedures and wear appropriate protective gear to minimize these risks.


How to become a carpenter, one should obtain a high school diploma, complete an apprenticeship, consider additional carpenter schooling, become a carpenter’s helper, and obtain employment.

Carpenters must possess a variety of skills, including mathematical and mechanical ability, physical dexterity, problem-solving skills, and attention to detail. While the work can be physically demanding, carpentry can be a fulfilling and financially rewarding career. However, it also comes with some risks, including exposure to hazardous materials, injuries from tools and machinery, and the possibility of work-related injuries.

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